Beginning in the summer of 2003 Prevention Center graduate students carried out on-site explorations of available records and archival data and held discussions with young people about alcohol availability, use, and expectancies.


  • To gain an understanding of current alcohol use and availability among Zambian adolescents.
  • To develop a way to measure alcohol expectancies among Zambian adolescents.
  • To see if there is a possible connection between alcohol expectancies, sexual expectancies, and behaviors that can transmit HIV.

Publications and Papers

Mbulo, L., Newman, I.M., and Shell, D.F. (2007). Factors contributing to the failure to use condoms among students in Zambia. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 51(2), 40-58.

Lazarous Mbulo, "Alcohol use and alcohol-sexual expectations as risk factors for HIV/AIDS among young people in Zambia" (January 1, 2005). ETD collection for University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Paper AAI3176794. Abstract available at dissertations/AAI3176794

Research Team

Faculty and Graduate Students:
Lazarus Mbulo, M.Phil., M.S.C., PhD
Ian M. Newman, PhD.
Duane F. Shell, PhD.