Writing

Spelling

A SPELLING STUDY STRATEGY (Graham, S., & Freeman, S. ) Helping Students Learn Unknown Spelling Words

This spelling strategy is intended to help students study unknown spelling words. The students need to be trained in the study method.

SPELLING SELF-CORRECTION METHODS (Goddard, Y.L., & Heron, T.E.) These spelling strategies are centered around self-correction techniques requiring students to check and correct their own work; focusing directly on the task at hand. They are learner centered, and have been validated and replicated empirically. 

Written Composition

DEFENDS (Ellis, E., & Lenz, K.)

This writing strategy is designed to aid in written compositions conveying a position. It is intended to help students write a paper defending a position. This strategy involves imbedded strategies.

HELPERS IN WRITING (Wong, B.Y.L., Butler, D.L., Ficzere, S.A., & Kuperis, S.)

This is a writing strategy designed to help students write compare-and-contrast essays. This strategy employs a planning sheet called HELPERS in Writing.

MAPPING (Simmonds, E.P.M., Luchow, J.P., Kaminsky, S., & Cottone, V.)

This writing strategy was designed to help students organize essay answers on tests, but can be used in various writing activities.

PLEASE (Welch, M., & Jensen, J.B.)

This writing strategy was developed for written expression, to assist students in planning and writing compositions using a highly structured, step-by-step procedure. This is intended to enable students to generate and organize ideas in simple paragraph form. The strategy WritePlease, is a video-assisted strategy intended to aide teachers in teaching this strategy.

POWER (Englert, C.S., Raphael, E.E., Anderson, L.M., Anthony, H.M., Fear, K.L., & Gregg, S.L.)

This writing strategy organizes all the steps in the writing process. It teaches students four different organizational structures for writing papers: stories, comparison-contrast, explanations, and problem/solution.

PROJECT (Ellis, E.S.)

This strategy is an example of how to promote effective group work.

SCORE A (Korinek, L., & Bulls, J.A.)

SCORE A is a writing strategy that covers the development of a topical research paper. It provides a concrete, sequential structure for students to develop and write papers on selected topics.

SPACE (Korinek, L., & Bulls, JA)

The SPACE strategy is the second step of a basic three-step writing strategy. It is designed to help students make a writing plan and think about the details that should be included in stories.

W-W-W, What=2; How=2 (Graham, S., Harris, K.R., & Sawyer, R.)

This is a writing strategy designed to help students ask themselves a series of "story-grammar" questions to generate narrative text.

Proofreading

HOW (Archer, A., & Gleason, M.)

This writing strategy is designed to help students complete neat, well-organized papers that include a heading. This strategy is part of a larger strategy intended to help students complete assignments accurately and on time.

WRITER (Schumaker, J.B., Nolan, S.M., & Deshler, D.D.)

This is a self-monitoring strategy for writing. Almost every academic task requires a level or form of monitoring. This strategy illustrates how a step can cue students to use questioning strategies to monitor product quality.